Update: see the weekly updated version at: UK Rail Network Map
The United Kingdom’s railway network is split up into regional franchises, these franchises are run by private companies who bid on the work. So for example ScotRail, which runs the trains in Scotland is owned by the FIrst Group, who also run a number of other regional franchises. This can however change, when the contracts are up for bid.
Interestingly there is also a governmental holding company (Directly Operated Railways), which can take over a franchise if necessary, they currently run East Coast Trains.
For this visualization I have grouped Serco-Abellio and Abellio as Serco/Abellio.
EDIT: Like mentioned in the Scotland to the Rest of the UK, lines are drawn between stations on a route. So a direct route from Glasgow to London would be a direct line between the two terminus stations.
Train lines: GTFS Data Exchange
Country outline: Natural Earth