Tag Archives: featured

Every Person in Scotland on the Map

Full size.

The mapping process creates a random point within a building shell inside of a postcode area, which is repeated for every person in a postcode. This is in contrast to a simpler process, which does not take into account buildings at all, working simply with postcode areas. This can be seen in my previous post: Population of Scotland Mapped

Inspired by:
The Guardian – Every person in England and Wales on a map by Chris Cross

Based on the 2011 Scottish Census population data.

Data from the National Records of Scotland.

Combined with the Ordnance Survey, Open Map product.

Rendered with: QGIS tile writer python script.

Mapping Glasgow Districts

First update: Glasgow Regions Mapped – Progress Update 1

Lets map the districts/regions/neighbourhoods/suburbs of Glasgow. The divisions of a city can be hard to distinguish, there are no hard boundaries between regions and these can be dynamic over time. Where does the West End begin? As soon as you cross the M8, or later? Where does the West End end? Before Partick, halfway through, or well past Scotstoun? Have your say!

People Make Glasgow, help define its boundaries.

Start mapping!

This was done successfully in Boston: Bostonography – Neighborhoods as seen by the people.

Although Boston is a significantly easier target. Their map covered 21 different neighbourhoods. According to Wikipedia, Glasgow has at least 145 districts.

This will only be significant if we get a good number of responses. So please feel free to share!

Made possible by: Nick Martinelli from extent(PNW). Code on GitHub.

Map Glasgow’s Regions.

Self Hosted Leaflet Photo

There is an excellent plugin for Leaflet called Leaflet.Photo.

The plugin was created by Bjørn Sandvik. See the full post:  http://blog.thematicmapping.org/2014/08/showing-geotagged-photos-on-leaflet-map.html

The plugin has a number of examples that show usage with image hosting platforms, like Google Photos and Instagram, which have assicaited API’s for returning information about the image in question.

I was however keen to host the sollution completely myself, so simply have a folder of images that would populate on the map if they had exif GPS information.

I have created an example available on GitHub:

https://github.com/HeikkiVesanto/Leaflet.Photo/tree/gh-pages/local_file_example

Simply download the full repo:

https://github.com/HeikkiVesanto/Leaflet.Photo

Copy the local_file_example folder. Replace the images in the Photos folder with your own photos. Load it onto any php supporting webhost.

Like: BlueHost

Or for more advanced users, the examples below are on: DigitalOcean

And link to the folder with the index.html

Example:

Link.

Schiehallion – Contour lines and Maskelyne’s observatory

As seen in Trail Magazines 2015 October issue:

IMG_20151105_205557

In 1774 large science was taking place in the heart of Scotland. Two men were about to weigh the earth. This was done using plumblines and measuring how much the hill in Perthshire, called Schiehallion, displaced them. Schiehallion was chosen for its uniform appearance and relative accessibility.

The two people responsible for the experiment were the astronomer Nevil Maskelyne and the surveyor Charles Hutton. Charles Hutton, in order to make calculations of the volume of the mountain, pioneered the use of contour lines. These were essential in joining up measurement points to create a continual observation. Maskelyne set up a cabin on each side of the mountain where he could live and take astronomical observations and plumbline readings. The hut on the north side of the mountain famously burned down during the whisky fuelled celebrations of completing the observations, taking with it a local boys precious fiddle. Upon returning to London Maskelyne compensated the boys loss by sending him a replacement fiddle, a Stradivarius.

A good account of the Scheihallion experiment can be found in Rachel Hewitt’s: Map of a Nation. Which also provides an excellent account of the early days of the Ordnance Survey.

My goal for the trip was to find the remains of Maskelyne’s ruined observatory, which according to some reports could still be found on the northern slopes of the mountain. The quest was inspired by Simon Ingram. Whose account of climbing Schiehallion in Between the Sunset and the Sea is definitely worth a read. I used the notes found in that book to narrow the search area.

Also available for free from Audible: Free 30 day trial

I set off, driving past Dull (Paired with Boring, Oregon), which was not a sign of how the day would turn out.

Dull and Boring

The first views of Schiehallion do not show the characteristic conical shape, rather show a gradual slope.

First glimpse

However the uniformity can be seen in the Ordnance Survey One-inch to the mile, Popular edition, Scotland, 1920-1930.

At the head of the car park there is a memorial to the observation work that took place on the hill.

Monument

Schiehallion from the car park (parking is £2, and only coins are accepted), with a suggestion of nice weather ahead.

Schiehallion

Unfortunately the weather in Scotland is never predictable. With hail one minute.

Hail

And sunshine the next.

Sun

View from the top of Schiehallion. My goal was to attain the summit, and on the way down break off from the path and head downslope.

Schiehallion

The remains of the Ordnance Survey trig point at the top of Schiehallion.

OS Trig Point

The view of the northern slope, so the observatory remains would be somewhere down there. There were a couple of promising piles of rocks that could be seen from up high, but upon closer inspection turned out to be… piles of rocks.

Slope

View back up to the ridge.

View back

Northern slope. The terrain was not difficult, but the weather was not ideal.

View down

I was just about the give up the search, but after climbing one final rise I saw a suspiciously uniform pile of rocks.

Finally

The remains of Maskelyne’s observatory. One platform was for the cabin, with the other one for the astronomical instruments.

Maskelyne's observatory

Backpack for scale.

Backpack

A job well done. The way back was very boggy. I took some solace in the fact that I was contouring around the hill that established contour lines. I was also spurred by the success of actually finding the site.

Happy Mapper

Final view back to Schiehallion.

View back

A successful journey, and excellent adventure.

If you want to visit the site I would recommend reading the description in Simon Ingram’s: Between the Sunset and the Sea, and baseing your own search on the description provided.

However I did track my own route, and I had been about to give up my own search before I finally found the site. So my route:

View:

Scotland’s changing outline

In 1654 Joannis Blaeu published volume 5 of his Atlas Novus. The Atlas contained three general maps of Scotland and 46 maps of Scottish counties or regions, making Scotland the best mapped country in the world.

The Blaeu outline was influential on the outline of Scotland for the next decade to come. This is a comparison of subsequent outlines of Scotland before the 1747-1755 Roy Military Survey of Scotland truly surveyed the whole of Scotland.

The maps in this comparison are:

Excluded is the [1687] – Robert Morden – A mapp of Scotland made by R. Gordon because it essentially just follows the Blaeu outline.

In addition a background map was created from OS BoundaryLine (High Water Polyline) and converted to a polygon.

Everything is converted to WGS 84 / World Mercator projection (EPSG:3395).

For more on how the outlines were created:

Georeferencing vector data

For a history of the maps used:

Historic Maps of Scotland from Blaeu to Dorret (1600-1700)

If you are interested in buying a historically amazing map:

Blaeu Atlas Maior of 1665 – Including the atlas of Scotland.

Scotland’s changing coastline:

Scotlands Changing Coastline